Astronomy and religion have long had a tight relationship, especially in the early days of astronomy. According to the top astrologer in Kolkata Many ancient cultures’ archaeological evidence suggests that celestial bodies were worshipped during the Stone and Bronze Ages. Northern European amulets and stone walls portray constellation groupings that correspond to their historical placements, notably circumpolar constellations. These can be dated back 30,000–40,000 years.
With the Greek astronomer Anaxagoras, the first recorded clash between religious orthodoxy and astronomy occurred. His conviction was based on his views that the heavenly bodies were the outcome of an evolutionary process and that the sun was a big blazing stone (rather than the god Helios). He was accused of disobeying established religious ideas.
Despite being acquitted, he was compelled to retire.During the Renaissance, as science progressed, scientific scientists’ secular ideals were met with Christian orthodoxy’s hostility. The most famous such struggle was that of Galileo Galilei, who was accused of heresy and convicted by the Inquisition. Many astronomers, on the other hand, were deeply religious, and they struggled to reconcile their beliefs with the findings made after the advent of the telescope.
Heliocentrism and Geocentrism:
The concept of heliocentrism holds that the sun is at the centre of the universe, and that all planets rotate around it. The famous astrologer in Kolkata, this is in contrast togeocentrism, which holds that the Earth is the centre of the cosmos, with the sun at its centre and all other planets orbiting it. During the period of Plato, Aristotle, Ptolemy, and other astronomers, the geocentric paradigm was widely accepted. This concept was based on astronomical measurements as well as religious beliefs of the time.Nicolaus Copernicus proposed an alternative model with the sun at the centre of the universe, which was later supported by astronomers such as Galileo Galilei and Johannes Kepler.
This model was based on observation as well, but it included the use of a newly developed telescope as well as various mathematical observations that resulted in elliptical orbits. These models were not recognised by a culture dominated by the Catholic Church at the time, and these astronomers faced heavy criticism from both the church and others around them.
Tammaso Cassini said that the bible contradicted the earth’s circling around the sun. One example given was when God blocked the sun for Joshua in Joshua 10. It was also stated that because God would put his greatest creation at the centre of the cosmos, shifting the Earth away from the centre diminished the magnificence of his creation.
Galileo and Religion:
Galileo’s SidereusNuncius, published in 1610 and sanctioned by the Holy Office, drew a lot of attention. This text details his observations with the telescope, including descriptions of Jupiter’s moons and the Moon’s highlands.
By 1616, the Holy Office, popularly known as the Inquisition, had condemned the Copernican hypothesis, as well as Galileo’s publications. If science did not support the Bible, it was not to be taught.Galileo’s best-selling Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems was banned by 1633. He renounced his heliocentrism and was condemned to life in prison with house confinement.
Pope John Paul II established a committee to investigate Galileo’s trial 400 years after his death, and Galileo was pardoned.
Newton and Religion:
Newton was a devout Catholic. Newton decided against becoming a clergyman after concluding that the Holy Trinity could not exist since Jesus could not be equal to God. He was still a firm believer in the Bible, to the pointwhere breaking the first commandment was as bad as leaving Cambridge. Newton did not feel that faith and science were mutually exclusive, and he based his work on the Bible.Because of his goal to connect science and scripture, he was assailed by society and the church when he wrote the Principia while studying astronomy, and he quickly moved on to other works after being unable to handle the criticism from his colleagues.
Newton turned to alchemy, guiding his work with Greek tales, and became renowned less for his work in astronomy, where he invented the reflecting telescope, and more for his work in constructing a scientific technique and his gravity laws.
In both its beliefs and practises, astrology can be considered religious. Theoretical, practical, and societal aspects of astrology are all tracked using a standard definition of religion. The Western underpinnings of astrology can be traced back to Plato’s tale of creation, Timaeus.
Through the eyes of the top astrologer in India, Astrology depicts the Greek concept of a linked cosmos by demonstrating a linkage between God’s greater universe (macrocosm) and humanity’s smaller world (microcosm). Astrology’s physical, metaphorical, symbolic, and perceptual ties to nature give rise to its practise as a nature religion.At each person’s birth, the confluence of time and location creates a ‘axis of placement,’ which connects them to the natural world.
Tracking the sun, moon, and planets; ceremonial participation in natural cycles; and treating nature as sacred are all examples of astrological rituals. Astrology has an unstructured organisational structure, no coherent theory, and few obvious institutional ties from a sociological standpoint.
Despite being recognised as a science throughout its history, astrology is largely regarded today as being diametrically opposed to modern Western science’s findings and views.