According to the Hindu calendar, the full moon of Falgun month is known as Falgun Purnima. This day has divine, social and cultural significance in Hinduism. Also, fasting is observed on this day from sunrise till the light of the moon.
According to a religious belief, the person who fasts on Phalgun Purnima receives the special blessings of Lord Vishnu and all the sufferings of the person come to an end.
Falgun Purnima marks the end of the Hindu calendar, marking the beginning of a new year. Most of the devotees observe a fast on this auspicious occasion and worship Lord Vishnu. “Purnima” is a Sanskrit word meaning “full moon” and the last day of every month in the Hindu calendar is called Purnima. This full moon falls at the end of Shukla Paksha in the month of Phalguna, which is also the last month of the year.
Date and Time of Falgun Purnima 2023
Phalgun Purnima 2023 Date 07 March 2023, Tuesday
Full moon date starts on 06 March 2023 from 16:17
Full moon date ends on 07 March 2023 at 18:09
Meaning and Significance of Phalgun Purnima
According to the Hindu calendar, all the full moons in the year are important, because full moon days either mark important festivals or anniversaries in the calendar.
Full moon day is considered very auspicious for performing Satya Narayan Puja. One of the most important and popular Hindu festivals, according to the best astrologer in World.
Holi is celebrated on Phalgun Purnima. This day also marks the birth anniversary of Lakshmi Jayanti i.e. the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity.
Falgun Purnima Puja and Fasting Method
Devotees who fast on Phalgun Purnima with full devotion and rituals, rarely face any problem, because by observing fast on this day, the person gets the special blessings of Lord Vishnu.
Lord Narasimha, who is considered to be the fourth incarnation of Lord Sri Hari Vishnu, is worshipped on the day of Phalgun Purnima.
It is believed that worshipping Lord Narasimha, Lord Hari Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi on this auspicious day brings health, wealth and prosperity to the household. Therefore, to please Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi and get their blessings, the rituals of worship and fasting are mentioned on Phalgun Purnima.
- For this, the person should get up early in the morning and take a bath with pure water.
- After bath wear clean clothes and worship Lord Vishnu.
- After worship, take a pledge to keep fast from sunrise to moonrise.
- Open the fast after the moon rises in the evening.
- Person’s thoughts should be positive on that day and keep in mind that one should not hurt anyone’s feelings.
Holika Pujan Method on Falgun Purnima 2023
Holika Dahan is a festival symbolising the victory of good over evil. This festival is celebrated on Phalgun Purnima 2023 and is a very important festival for Hindus all over the world.
Let’s have a look at the Holika Puja method on Phalgun Purnima.
- Collect dry cow dung and wood in an open place.
- Place the following items in a plate and offer them to Holika Mata: kumkum, rice, turmeric, henna, gulal, roli, coconut, a handful of wheat, laccha cotton, a lotus, some flowers and garlands.
- Now light a fire of wood and cow dung, also known as Holika Dahan.
Story behind Falgun Purnima
The story is described in detail in the Vishnu Purana, which is summarised below.
This is how it started….
Thousands of years ago, during the Satyuga, the kingdom of demons was ruled by King Hiranyakashipu. The king of demons had made life miserable for everyone on the earth and caused a lot of trouble for everyone. He was so overconfident because he had received a boon from Lord Brahma after years of penance and meditation.
The boon was that Hiranyakashipu would never be killed by any man nor woman, nor animal nor bird, neither by day nor by night, nor by supernatural weapon nor hand weapon, nor inside his palace and Nor outside his palace and in the end neither by any god nor by any demon will it end.
When he was given this boon, he became immortal and began to believe himself to be omnipotent. So he ordered everyone in the kingdom to stop worshipping Lord Vishnu and worship himself and anyone who did not agree to do so would be killed.
Fear of Hiranyakashipu
All the people of the kingdom started worshipping him in fear of death. However, Hiranyakashipu’s own son, Prahlad, was a true devotee of Lord Vishnu and continued to worship Lord Vishnu and chant the name of “Hari” against his father’s orders. At the same time, Hiranyakashyap decided to kill his own son Prahlad.
That’s why Holika Dahan is celebrated
Hiranyakashipu tried to throw Prahlad in a dungeon full of snakes, crushed his head with an elephant and sometimes tried to throw him off a mountain, now called Dikoli Mountain. But every time he was saved by the grace of Lord Vishnu. When nothing worked, Hiranyakashipu called his sister Holika.
Long ago, Holika had received a boon due to which she could not burn in fire. In an attempt to burn Prahlad alive, Hiranyakashyap made Prahlad sit on his sister’s lap and asked him to sit on a pile of burning wood. When this happened, Prahlad was saved and Hiranyakashipu’s sister Holika was burnt alive in the fire. Since then, Holika Dahan is celebrated by devotees all over India as a tribute to Holika Mata, according to the top astrologer in India.
When all else failed, Hiranyakashipu tried to kill Prahlad himself and ordered him to summon his god Vishnu and save him. Just as he was about to kill him, Lord Narasimha, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, came out by breaking a pillar of the palace. Lord Vishnu took this avatar to kill Hiranyakashipu by going against the boon of Lord Brahma.
As per the terms of the boon, Lord Narasimha was neither a human nor an animal nor a deity. Lord Narasimha dragged Hiranyakashyap to the middle of the entrance of the palace, so that he was neither inside nor outside the palace, at the time when he was killed day and night were mixing together, so it was neither day nor did the night and at last Lord Narasimha killed him with his claws, which were not weapons. Since then Lord Narasimha and Lord Vishnu are worshipped on the day of Phalgun Purnima.